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Mauritius Country Report

Country Risk Level



Executive Summary

The ruling coalition of Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth obtained an absolute majority, with 38 out of 62 directly elected deputies' seats, in the legislative polls held on 7 November 2019. This is 13 seats fewer than in the 2014 polls, most likely owing to allegations of corruption raised during the campaign and to the defection of a key coalition member, the Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD). Overall, the political situation remains fundamentally stable, with the ruling coalition taking the lead and the traditional parties remaining in parliament. This is primarily due to Mauritius's strong institutions and a tradition of multi-party democracy, with a plethora of smaller parties orbiting the main political parties – the Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), which has led the ruling Alliance LEPEP coalition since 2014 (now renamed Alliance Morisien), and the Mauritian Militant Movement (MMM).Despite corruption cases, the business environment should remain stable and Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth is expected to continue with the policies of his father, Sir Anerood Jugnauth, when he was prime minister, focusing on raising growth rates through tourism, IT, financial services, and manufacturing throughout his government's new five-year term until 2024.Mauritius’s GDP growth rate for 2019 is expected to be 4.0%, supported by public infrastructure–related investments and resilient consumption growth. Rising public debt, which is expected to reach about 65% of GDP over the next 12 months driven by increased borrowing to finance investment spending, will put pressure on the government to step up domestic revenue mobilisation and prudently manage its public expenditure plans. The Mauritian rupee will remain broadly stable in 2019 supported by the country’s sizeable pool of foreign international reserves (estimated at about 6.6 billion at end-April) and FDI inflows (USD510.9 million in 2018).

Operational Outlook

Mauritius has positioned itself as a hub for African-destined investments. The government set up the Mauritius Africa Fund to encourage domestic companies' expansion into Africa. The gains of economic growth have been reinvested in basic infrastructure, including first-class communications systems and the newly launched Metro Express, linking urban areas. In addition, several new business parks − designed for information technology and financial services − combine infrastructure with tax benefits. Mauritius has used these features to its advantage in its quest to become a leading offshore financial centre and enjoys preferential tax treaties with several major markets.


There is no history of terrorism in Mauritius. There is a very low likelihood of Somali pirate activity making its way as far south as Mauritius. No incidents have been reported to date. As part of counter-piracy efforts, Mauritius allows the detention prior to trial of suspected pirates on its territory under a transfer agreement with the European Union.


Despite occasional incidents, Mauritius has low crime rates by regional African and global standards. There is a minor but growing threat of petty crime, especially in the capital, Port Louis, as well as in Flic-en-Flac and Grand Baie, but not enough to deter visitors.

War Risks

There have been no major security threats in Mauritius to date. The geographically isolated island has no standing army and no history of military intervention. External security is formally tasked to the paramilitary Special Mobile Force, which falls under the Mauritius Police Force. Mauritius has low-level territorial disputes with France over Tromelin Island and with the United Kingdom over the Chagos Islands. It is unlikely in the near future that the UK will comply with an International Court of Justice order in February 2019 to return the islands, but it is also extremely unlikely that the issue will lead to war, especially given Mauritius's preferential access to the UK market.

Social Stability

Communal and ethnic identities are a feature of Mauritian political discourse, but violence is and likely to remain rare. Mass demonstrations are also rare, and typically peaceful, such as protests organised in 2011 in the capital, Port Louis, against alleged corruption and concerns about living standards. Violent protests broke out in February 2015 in Port Louis over the arrest of former prime minister Navinchandra Ramgoolam on charges of money laundering and lying to the police. Peaceful protests occurred in 2019 on Agaléga Island in response to the building project of an Indian military base, which raised concerns over relocation of local people.

Health Risk

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age arriving from or having passed through countries with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission and for travelers who have been in transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

For Children: All standard childhood immunizations should be up-to-date. In the case of a long stay, the BCG vaccine is recommended for children over one month and the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine for children over nine months.

Practical Information


Cyclone season, which brings heavy rains and a significant increase in temperatures, lasts from January until March. The rest of the year, conditions are quite pleasant: temperatures stay relatively low (25°C during the day, 17°C at night), thanks to a southeasterly trade wind, and the island is sunny a large percentage of the time. Sunset is between 6:00 and 7:00 pm.

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +230
Medical Emergency: 114
Ambulance: 999
Police-Emergency: 999 or 112
Fire Dept.: 995 or 115


Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz


Risk Level
Critical High Medium Low Minimal