Mayotte Country Report
Routine vaccinations: Consult your doctor to ensure all routine vaccinations - such as for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, influenza, measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, and varicella - are up to date (include booster shots if necessary).
Hepatitis A: The vaccine is given in two doses, six months apart, and is nearly 100 percent effective. The WHO recommends that vaccination against hepatitis A be integrated into national routine immunization schedules for children aged one year or older.
Malaria: There is a low risk of contracting malaria. As such, doctors usually advise travelers to take precautions to prevent mosquito bites rather than prescribing antimalarial medications.
Typhoid fever: The typhoid fever vaccine can be administered via injection (administered in one dose) or orally (four doses). The vaccine is only 50-80 percent effective, so travelers to areas with a risk of exposure to typhoid fever, a bacterial disease, should still take hygienic precautions (e.g. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). Children can be given the shot beginning at two years of age (six for the oral vaccine).
Hepatitis B: The WHO recommends that all infants receive their first dose of vaccine as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 24 hours. The birth dose should be followed by two or three doses to complete the primary series. Routine booster doses are not routinely recommended for any age group.
Rabies: The pre-rabies vaccination is typically only recommended for travel to remote areas and if the traveler will be at high risk of exposure (e.g. undertaking in activities that will bring them into contact with animals such as dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). The vaccination is administered in three doses over a three-to-four week period. Post exposure prophylaxis is also available and should be administered as soon as possible following contact with an animal suspected of being infected (e.g. bites and scratches).
Yellow fever: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travelers over one year of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission. A single dose of YF vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained life-long immunity against the disease, which must be taken ten days in advance to be fully effective.
The amount of available drinking water depends largely on the rainfall in the archipelago. Due to a major drought, the Prefecture of Mayotte set up scheduled water cuts on December 16, 2016, which rendered it impossible to guarantee the purity of water and, in the long term, resulted in water shortages, especially on the southern and central parts of Grande-Terre. These conditions sparked major protests in February 2017.
Cyclones strike the archipelago between December and April.
On the main island of Grande-Terre, a main circular road connects all the communes. Secondary roads are paved. The lack of vehicle maintenance, street lights, and traffic lights - as well as the presence of potholes - can, however, make driving dangerous.
Except for collective taxis, there are no public transport services in the archipelago. It is, however, possible to rent vehicles.
A ferry service links the islands of Grande-Terre and Petite-Terre. However, it is recommended to inspect the safety of the boat (if it is overloaded or in poor condition), as accidents have occurred.
Dzaoudzi-Pamandzi International Airport (DZA) is located on the island of Petite-Terre. From the airport, there is a free ferry service to reach the main island (Grande-Terre).
The island of Réunion enjoys a tropical climate. Temperatures along the coast fluctuate between 21°C and 26°C. Between November and April the weather is hot and humid; it is slightly cooler the rest of the year. Cyclones can strike between December and March. Humidity levels are often high, particularly in coastal areas.
Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz