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Singapore Country Report

Country Risk Level



Executive Summary

The PAP retained a supermajority in the July 2020 election, but the opposition made notable gains. Although the PAP government remains secure in power, the opposition’s improved electoral performance increases the likelihood of the PAP government adopting opposition-supported policies to stem the party’s declining popular support. These policies include potentially delaying an increase in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) rate from 7% to 9% – currently planned to take place after 2022 – as well as restrictions on the employment of professional and unskilled workers from abroad to protect local jobs. The prognosis for 2020 overall is poor because of large-scale lockdowns and closures that began in the second quarter. Despite expansionary fiscal policy and low interest rates, Singapore’s real GDP is likely to fall by 9.1% compared with 2019. Recovery in 2021 depends on how quickly the COVID-19 virus can be contained and how soon people can return to work. However, IHS Markit currently forecasts 2021 growth at 2.8%.Aside from the COVID-19 virus effect, IHS Markit believes that there will be effects from a long-expected correction in semiconductor and electronics demand and production after the sustained stretch of growth and build-up of inventories. The concern also includes the sustained trade conflict between the US and mainland China exacerbating matters, especially considering the focus on high-technology goods by the US, thereby weighing on the near-term export outlook.

Operational Outlook

The government's zero-tolerance approach to corruption and a well-recompensed civil service mean corruption risks are low. Industrial action is very rare given close co‐operation between the government and trade unions and generally good wages and working conditions. The government dealt with a 2013 riot involving migrant workers, and preventive measures against a repeat riot were introduced. There has not been any worker unrest or industrial action since. Infrastructure is of a high standard, including sophisticated telecommunications networks, extensive public transport, and high-quality air and seaport facilities.


Militant attacks are unlikely in Singapore, although there is some indication that the city-state is an aspirational target for transnational jihadist groups, such as the Islamic State. If a jihadist attack were to take place in Singapore, it would probably be crude – involving bladed weaponry or vehicular ramming – because Singapore's strict control over firearms and explosives renders larger, more complex attacks unlikely.



Latest Singapore Police Force data showed overall reported crime had increased by 6.3% in 2019, reaching a nine-year high. The increase, however, was mainly attributable to a substantial surge in fraud and internet-based crime (e-commerce and sex scams). When excluding these crimes, Singapore's reported crimes decreased by 4.6%. Strict controls on firearms have virtually eliminated armed robbery incidence. There is nothing to indicate that Singapore's low crime risk environment will deteriorate in the one-year outlook.

War Risks

Singapore maintains a well-equipped military but has good relations with its neighbours and ASEAN members, rendering any type of military confrontation involving the city-state unlikely. Outstanding maritime territorial disputes with Indonesia and Malaysia are generally unlikely to disrupt commercial shipping, although there is a moderate risk of vessels being temporarily seized in disputed areas.

Social Stability


Demonstrations over controversial government policies tend to be organised as peaceful rallies and held at locations designated by the authorities. However, these are unlikely to be violent or disruptive. The most recent notable bout of violent protests occurred in December 2013, when a riot broke out involving workers from South Asia in the Little India district around Race Course Road. However, that incident was likely to be isolated and further unrest involving foreign workers is unlikely.

Health Risk

Vaccinations required to enter the country

Proof of vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers over one year of age who within the previous six days have been in a country with risk of yellow fever (YFV) transmission or who have been in transit in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission.

Routine Vaccinations

Hepatitis A: A vaccine is available for anyone over one year of age. The vaccine may not be effective for certain people, e.g. those born before 1945 and who lived as a child in a developing country and/or have a past history of jaundice (icterus). These people can instead get a shot of immune globulin (IG) to boost their immunity against the disease.

Hepatitis B: A vaccine is available for children at least two months old.

Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio: A booster shot should be administered if necessary (once every ten years).

Other Vaccinations

Typhoid Fever: If your travels take you to regions with poor sanitary conditions (for children two years old and up).

Japanese Encephalitis: For stays of longer than one month in a rural zone during the rainy season (for children over the age of one). The vaccine is administered in a local medical facility.

Natural Risks

The country experiences two distinct monsoon seasons each year: one from December to March (northeast monsoon season) and the other from June to September (southeast monsoon season). During these periods, torrential rain and violent winds are not rare. It should also be noted that Singapore is situated in an active seismic zone.


Public transit systems are reliable and extensive.

Practical Information


Singapore's climate is hot and humid throughout the year with an abundance of rain from November throughout January during the northeast monsoon (torrential but brief rain showers quickly giving way to sunny skies) and from May through September during the southern monsoon (less rain but more rainy days).

Useful Numbers

Country Code: +65
Police: 999
Fire Dept.: 995
Ambulance: 995


Voltage: 230 V ~ 50 Hz


Risk Level
Critical High Medium Low Minimal