On Thursday, April 9, authorities announced the implementation of additional domestic measures effective immediately in an effort to contain the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) in the country. As such, the use of protective face masks is now mandatory in all public places nationwide. Those who do not comply with the new measure are liable to be sanctioned by authorities. Furthermore, authorities ordered elders and individuals with chronic illnesses to stay home, non-essential travel has been suspended, and the number of passengers in both public and private transports has been reduced.
Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara declared a state of emergency on Monday, March 23, imposing a nationwide curfew between 21:00 and 05:00 (local time) and banning all nonessential travel between Abidjan, where most COVID-19 cases are reported, and the rest of the country. The country's air, land, and sea borders have been closed to human traffic since Friday, March 22.
As of Friday, April 10, educational institutions and public venues, with the exception of bars and restaurants, remain closed and all sports and cultural events remain suspended.
As of Friday, April 10, there are 444 confirmed COVID-19 cases and three related deaths nationwide. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected in the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.