Pro-Iranian paramilitary supporters were present in Baghdad's Tahrir Square on Thursday, December 5, with sticks and banners, and chanted hostile slogans against the United States. They stood among anti-government protesters in the square, aiming to influence the movement which has hindered Iran's interests. Separate sources indicate that 13 people were stabbed by unknown assailants in Tahrir Square on the same date, reported after a pro-Iranian paramilitary group left the vicinity.
As of Friday, December 6, peaceful protests continue in Basra, notably at the Navy Roundabout.
A 'Million Man March' is planned on Tuesday, December 10, in which protesters from several cities are expected to travel from southern cities into Baghdad. The situation remains fluid and there is limited information at present.
Spontaneous gatherings and protest as well as heightened security measures and disruptions to transportation and businesses are to be expected in Baghdad, Basra, Najaf, Nasiriyah, and other major urban centers over the coming days. Clashes between protesters and security forces are likely near all protest sites.
Demonstrations broke out in Iraq on October 1 to protest perceived government corruption, inadequate provision of public services, and a lack of job opportunities. Following weeks of relative calm, demonstrations violently resumed on October 24-25, coinciding with the deadline issued by Grand Ayatollah Sistani to the government to produce a report on who in the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) was responsible for firing at civilians during previous demonstrations. An estimated 400 people have been killed and 15,000 wounded since protests began.
Individuals in Iraq are advised to closely monitor the situation, avoid all protests and large public gatherings due to potential violence, prepare for disruptions to transportation and business in areas affected by anti-government demonstrations, and adhere to all instructions issued by the local authorities and their home governments.
The security environment in Iraq remains complex. Although travel is possible in some areas with proper security protocols in place, other areas should be considered strictly off-limits. Professional security advice and support should be sought prior to all travel.