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20 Mar 2020 | 10:33 AM UTC

Indonesia: Governor declares state of emergency in Jakarta due to COVID-19 March 20 /update 6

Governor declares state of emergency in Jakarta due to COVID-19 March 20; nonessential businesses closed



On Friday, March 20, Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan declared a state of emergency in the capital city for two weeks over the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. Starting on Monday, March 23, nonessential businesses such as bars, spas, and cinemas will be closed and public transportation will be limited. The governor also urged companies to allow staff to work from home. Religious activities, including Islamic Friday prayers and Christian services, were suspended for 14 days earlier in the week.

To date, there have been more than 350 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia, including at least 32 associated fatalities. In Jakarta alone, there have been more than 200 confirmed infections and 18 related deaths.

Further international spread of COVID-19 is expected over the coming days and weeks.


The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.


Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly, and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.