On Sunday, March 15, Slovakia declared a state of emergency over concerns regarding the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. As a result, all shops except food stores, pharmacies, banks, post offices, and petrol stations, will be closed from 18:00 (local time) on Monday, March 16. Further restrictions on businesses could potentially be announced on Monday.
Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini previously announced on Thursday, March 12, that all non-residents would be prohibited entry into the country. Per the announcement, all international travel by air and land will be suspended. Previously, Slovak citizens returning from Italy were subject to a 14-day quarantine period; the restriction has been expanded to all Slovak nationals returning from abroad. Additionally, schools nationwide will be closed for 14 days beginning March 16.
To date, there are 61 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the country. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly, and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing, seek medical care urgently and share your previous travel history with your health care provider.