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31 Mar 2020 | 07:36 AM UTC

Mozambique: Authorities declare state of emergency amid COVID-19 pandemic March 30 /update 2

President Nyusi declares a 30-day state of emergency due to COVID-19 pandemic; follow all directives



On Monday, March 30, President Felipe Nyusi declared a 30-day state of emergency, along with a stage 03 level of emergency to contain the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. As part of the measure, all nationals who have recently returned to the country, or who had been in contact with people infected with COVID-19 will have to undergo a mandatory quarantine. Furthermore, the President added that movements within the country and the entry of people across borders should be limited, although it remains unclear how restrictive it will it be. In addition, public and private gatherings are prohibited, while entertainment establishments and schools have been closed until further notice. The president added that sustainable fiscal and monetary policy measures will be adopted to support business and the population.

Visa issuance to foreigners, including visas which have been previously issued have been suspended from March 23.

As of Tuesday, March 31, there are eight confirmed COVID-19 cases nationwide. Further international spread of the virus is expected.


The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.


Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly, and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.

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