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24 Mar 2020 | 06:33 AM UTC

Côte d’Ivoire: Authorities announce nationwide curfew as of March 23 /update 3

Authorities declare state of emergency, implement nationwide curfew as of March 23 due to COVID-19; confirm travel itineraries



Ivorian President Alassane Ouattara declared a state of emergency on Monday, March 23, due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. As such, authorities imposed a nationwide curfew with immediate effects between 21:00 and 05:00 (local time), and banned all non-essential travel between Abidjan, where most COVID-19 cases are reported, and the rest of the country.

Additionally, President Ouattara authorized the "progressive lockdown of populations by geographic area, depending on the progression of the pandemic."

As of Tuesday, March 24, there are 25 confirmed COVID-19 cases nationwide. Further spread of the virus expected.


The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.


Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.