Albania Country Report
A major constraint to doing business is the pervasive corruption present in the public administration. The operational environment is less difficult for large foreign companies compared with small or medium-sized domestic companies given Albania's need to attract foreign direct investment. Albania's ambition to join the EU will play a positive role because the pace of accession will be contingent on fighting corruption. The government at the beginning of April extended the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) virus-related lockdown until further notice, which means that public venues will remain closed and travel severely restricted.
Albania has seen the rise of a small radicalised Islamist community in recent years that has contributed dozens of fighters to Islamic State and other Islamist military formations fighting in Syria and Iraq. However, these groups have so far not conducted any attacks on Albanian soil and have not demonstrated serious intent to do so.
The greatest threat facing Albania's internal security comes from the influence that organised crime groups wield in the country, including close involvement with political officials and the co-option of law enforcement agencies and customs officials. Combating high-level corruption is hindered by a lack of strategy and co-ordination between law enforcement and government agencies. Law enforcement agencies remain subject to political interference, obstructing efforts to create a fully professional force.
Albania's membership of NATO and aspirations to join the EU greatly diminish any risk of violent resolution to outstanding disputes with neighbouring countries.
Natural hazards must also be taken into consideration when traveling to Albania; the entire country is vulnerable to earthquakes and flooding is relatively common, particularly in the northern regions.
Albania has a Mediterranean climate: winters are wet and mild and summers hot and dry. The center and the west of the country experience very high temperatures (40°C) in the summer due to hot winds coming off the sea. The east and the north (mountainous regions) are cooler in the summer and cold in the winter.
Voltage: 220 V ~ 50 Hz