The Jordanian government will implement a package of enhanced restrictions to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) between Thursday, September 17, and October 1. The measures include the closure of schools, places of worship, and markets during the two week period. Restaurants and cafes will only be able to provide delivery and takeaway services. Punishments for those violating restrictions will also be increased. The tightening of restrictions comes after a recent rise in cases of COVID-19, with a daily record of 252 cases confirmed on Sunday, September 13.
Other restrictions remain in place, including the nationwide curfew between 01:00-06:00 (local time) for individuals and 00:01-06:00 for businesses, which was introduced on September 9. Nonessential movement is prohibited during curfew hours. It remains compulsory for all individuals to wear protective gloves and masks in public spaces and infractions are punishable by fines. Public gatherings of up to 20 people are permitted. Movement between governorates is permitted, and the tourist industry has reopened, with hotels, bars, gyms, and nurseries operating at a limited capacity. Public transportation is operational at 50 percent capacity. Social distancing measures are enforced, with individuals required to keep 1.5 meters (5 ft) apart.
Regularly scheduled flights from Amman's Queen Alia International Airport (AMM) resumed on September 8. Rules for incoming passengers depend on the epidemiological situation in their countries of origin, with a color-coded classification list regularly updated by the Transport Ministry. The latest list can be found here. A minimum of one week of self-isolation to a maximum of two weeks of quarantine may be required for arriving passengers. All travelers will be required to provide a negative COVID-19 test administered in the previous 72-hours prior to travel and will also be required to be tested on arrival.
As of Wednesday, September 16, there have been 3577 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 26 associated fatalities in Jordan. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Since then, human-to-human transmission of the virus has been confirmed.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Some patients may experience other symptoms such as body pains, nasal congestion, headache, conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhea, loss of taste or smell or a rash on the skin or discoloration of fingers or toes. These symptoms (in most cases mild) appear gradually. Generally, most patients (around 80 percent) recover from the disease without being hospitalized.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay. To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.