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21 Mar 2020 | 02:42 PM UTC

Brazil: São Paulo state to shut down for 14 days from March 24 over COVID-19 concerns /update 6

São Paulo state to shut down, closing all nonessential businesses and services, for 14 days from March 24 amid concerns over coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic; further international spread of COVID-19 to be expected over near term

health
BRA

Event

On Saturday, March 21, São Paulo state Governor João Doria announced that all nonessential businesses and services in São Paulo state will be closed for 14 days, from Tuesday, March 24, through Tuesday, April 7, amid concerns over the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Doria's shutdown announcement comes as the state's COVID-19-related death toll reached 15 as of Saturday.

On Thursday, March 19, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro affirmed that the government would close the country's land borders with Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Suriname, Guyana, and French Guiana for two weeks to prevent the spread of COVID-19; Brazil had previously closed its border with Venezuela on Tuesday, March 17. The restrictions do not apply to Brazilian nationals or foreigners residing in the country, while trucks carrying essential goods and people on humanitarian missions will continue to be allowed entry. In addition, travelers from the EU, the UK, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and Malaysia have been temporarily prohibited from entering Brazil.

As of Saturday, Brazil has recorded over 1000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 within its borders. Further international spread of COVID-19 is expected over the near term.

Context

The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.

Advice

Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.