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01 Apr 2020 | 09:38 AM UTC

Nigeria: Government to lock down Bauchi state from April 2 due to COVID-19 /update 5

Authorities order 14-day lockdown of Bauchi state from April 2 due to COVID-19; further spread of the virus expected

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NGA

Event

On Wednesday, April 1, Nigerian authorities announced a lockdown on Bauchi state to prevent further spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). All movement in the state will be restricted for 14 days from 18:00 (local time) on Thursday, April 2, and citizens have been ordered to stay at home. Residents will be permitted to leave their homes to buy food and seek medical care between 10:00 and 16:00 on Wednesdays and Saturdays only. Additionally, the state's land borders will be closed during the lockdown period.

To date, there have been three confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Bauchi state, and 151 cases nationwide. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.

Context

The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.

Advice

Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the general risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue - throw tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.