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25 Nov 2020 | 02:59 PM UTC

Uganda: Security forces fire tear gas at opposition supporters in Hoima (Western region) November 25

Security forces fire tear gas to disperse opposition supporters in Hoima (Western region) on November 25; further unrest likely over the medium term

security
UGA

Event

Police fired tear gas at supporters of opposition presidential candidate Robert Kyagulanyi, also known by his stage name Bobi Wine, in Hoima (Western region) on Wednesday, November 25, after blocking a rally by the National Unity Platform (NUP) candidate at Kyentare grounds. There are reports late on Wednesday that armed military personnel have surrounded the hotel in Hoima where Kyagulanyi was staying. He had been prevented from attending an earlier rally on Wednesday in Kibaale district as soldiers blocked the road to the venue. On Tuesday, November 24, three people were seriously injured after police fired tear gas to disperse people as Kyagulanyi addressed supporters in Kasese district.

The incidents come as Kyagulanyi resumes campaigning following his arrest on November 18 at a rally in Luuka district (Eastern region). At least 45 people were killed in several days of unrest in Kampala and other areas after police aggressively broke up the rally, citing violation of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) restrictions on gatherings of more than 200 people. The NUP leader was subsequently charged with violation of COVID-19 restrictions and released on bail on Friday, November 20, but the arrest is widely seen as having been politically motivated.

Further disruptions and unrest linked to political events and rallies are likely across Uganda in the medium term, with a high risk of clashes between security forces and opposition supporters in the run-up to the election on January 14.

Context

Political tensions in Uganda have been increasing ahead of the 2021 presidential election after President Yoweri Museveni pushed through controversial constitutional reforms in December 2017 to remove the presidential age limit in a move widely seen as paving the way for him to stand for a sixth term in office. The debate around the proposed constitutional reforms was bitter with infighting within the ruling National Resistance Movement (NRM), regular protests and several opposition leaders being arrested. However, Museveni and his supporters, backed by a closely-aligned and powerful military, have largely succeeded in suppressing opposition to his candidacy within the NRM.

Having come to prominence during the constitutional reform campaign, Kyagulanyi has become a major opposition leader following his move into politics in 2017. The outspoken critic of Museveni has been arrested multiple times by security forces on charges related to anti-government protests, with arrests sparking unrest amongst his populist support base. After announcing his bid to run for president in the 2021 general election in 2019, he assumed leadership of the National Unity, Reconciliation and Development Party and revamped it as the National Unity Platform, becoming the party's de facto presidential candidate.

Advice

Those in Uganda are advised to monitor the situation, avoid all demonstrations and political gatherings as a precaution, anticipate a heightened security presence ahead of and during planned political rallies, and adhere to all instructions issued by local authorities.

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